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Diabetic Retinopathy by Dr Tara Mary George
What Is Diabetic Retinopathy?
Diabetic retinopathy is a condition where the fine blood vessels or capillaries that supply oxygen and nutrients to the retina get damaged due to high levels of blood sugar in the blood seen in diabetes mellitus.
How Else Can Diabetes Affect The Eye?
Diabetes can alter the lens clarity and diabetics develop cataracts at an earlier age with a higher rate compared to the normal population. Diabetics are more prone to dry eyes, eyelid infections and glaucoma. Other retinal blood vessel disorders such as retinal vein and artery occlusion (stroke in the eye) also occur more commonly in diabetics.
What Are The Types/ Stages of Diabetic Retinopathy?
Non-proliferative retinopathy. It can be divided into mild, moderate, and severe forms. The mild and moderate forms may reverse or remain stable with good control of Diabetes Mellitus
What Are The Symptoms of Diabetic Retinopathy?
Early-stage – NO SYMPTOMS
Gradual or sudden blurring of vision
‘Floaters’- blackspots / web-like spots in the visual field
Problems in reading books or signage
Distortion of the straight line
Are you experiencing any symptoms mentioned above? Don’t hesitate to contact our eye centre and make an appointment today.
Risk Factors of Diabetic Retinopathy
People with a duration of diabetes more than 10 years
Poorly controlled diabetics
Those with other organ damage such as kidney damage (nephropathy) as the eyes and kidneys share similar blood vessels
Diabetics with anemia
How to reduce risk of visual loss?
Commit to managing blood glucose
Keep your blood pressure and cholesterol under control
Ensure yearly eye examination
Pay attention to vision changes
What will happen during the eye check-up?
Eye check up is the first thing we are going to do for diabetic retinopathy treatment. Visual acuity and eye pressure will be checked. Retinal photography with special cameras and the photographs are graded.
These examinations do not blur the vision. If required, dilated retinal examination will be done by an ophthalmologist. The dilated pupils may blur your vision slightly for up to 2 hours post examination.
Author: Dr Tara Mary George
Dr. Tara Mary George
MD (USM), MS Ophth (UKM), CCFT (Medical Retina)
Subspecialty: Medical Retina
Suite 3, Eye Centre, 1st Floor, Tower B, Sunway Medical Centre, 5, Jalan Lagoon Selatan, Bandar Sunway, 47500 Petaling Jaya, Selangor, Malaysia